There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Due to this and newly acquired motor skills, the infant now readily seeks the proximity to the caregiver.
However Piaget failed to recognise that children pass the development stages at a different rate.
According to Doherty and Hughes early intervention with children who display discipline problems and problematic behaviours such as noncompliance, temper loss and aggression is very important and must be applied early.
The cognitive approach seeks to understand the internal thinking and mental processes that underpin human actions as opposed to behavioural approach which focuses upon learning by experience, response to stimulus in the environment.
In some cultures, young children are left for a long time as training for independence while others identify a greater emphasis on maintaining relationships.
Difficulties may arise, however, when attempting to implement the procedure to children whose cultural norms, values beliefs and background differ. A good parent should be seen encouraging and praise even little achievements.
This same concept may not provide the same anxiety every child. However, Keenan reported that it is a learning process for the child.
Thus Neaum makes it clear that, children forming attachments and forming relationships with others is equally important as with the mother. It is possible that a lack of information can result in unacceptable behaviours that can be punishable.
However, there is one main difference that can be noted between these two theories. Bowlby, cited in Beckett Howe acknowledges that children are distinct and unique individuals with dissimilar feelings and Comparison of theories of attachment essay, hence their development should be considered on individual basis.
Implications to social work practice Conclusion Some similarities can be found when looking at Cognitive and Attachment theories. I will go on to critically discuss the links to social work practice.
Last but not least, the attachment theory assumes that secure attachment always leads to positive future relationships and tend not to pay attention on the predictable variables like the death of the attachment figure, divorce and economic factors. It gives a bigger picture of what a child should be able to do at a particular age and establishes causes if a child is below expected standard of development.
Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Essay UK - http: The theoretical conceptual model therefore fails to recognise that in certain cultures uncles, brothers and sisters can provide the role of a mother forming several good relations with immediate families which could later help the child.
There is a need to constantly evaluate the needs of each studentand designing new activities that address the evolving educational needs and stages of each student.
In a real situation, it is not fair to compare the capabilities of children as will bring a lot of anger, frustration and hurt from the failing child.
As Howe et al points out, a common characteristic of these children is that they cry a lot, show more distress and are not enthusiastic about physical contact. There is therefore a danger that attachment theory can lead to a conflicting single-dimensional psychodynamic pathology of family model which puts no consideration of the influence of the wider context of probabilities upon parenting Flynn and Rai Search our thousands of essays: About this resource This Psychology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.
The child who fits into this category shows odd behaviour. Insecure-avoidant group A develops from a disengaged parenting style. This theory can misguide practitioners to think that when a child behaves badly it is because of insecure relationships with parents and not putting into considerations other care givers.
Howe affirms that intervention to dissuade aggressive behaviour at a later time can be less effectual because adolescents become increasingly refractory to behavioural management therapies.
Children who fall in this category are flooded with emotions of fear and anger Main and Solomon Even though both the attachment and cognitive theory contribute a lot to social work practice, it is evident from the discussion above that understanding child development theories such as attachment theory is relevant and of paramount importance.
This can be a challenge, entailing great deal of time and effort. Attachment theory seems to be more feasible and has more practical efficacy to social work practice. Therefore, for social workers whose responsibility is to focus more on children, protect them, observe and assess signs of difficulty, analyse the information and considering how those difficulties might be tackled as recommended and emphasised in Munro review influenced by the death of baby Peter Munro Reviewit is of paramount importance to consider and implement these theories in their daily practice.The theories explored and applied will include Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, Erikson’s psychosocial tasks, Bowlby’s attachment theory, Piaget’s cognitive developmental theory, Bandura’s social learning theory and Vygotsky’s, and later Bronfenbrenner’s, ecological or developmental systems approach.
Next the essay will evaluate the theories of attachment between a child and their parents/guardians, evaluating Bowlby’s theory of attachment, and using examples from Freud’s ‘cupboard love theories’ and behavioural and psychoanalytic perspectives in comparison to Bowlby.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two competing psychological theories of human behaviour.
The two theories will be Erikson’s psychodynamic (stage 7, middle adulthood) and Rogers humanistic, concentrating on the adulthood years. Published: Tue, 12 Sep Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing four characteristics of attachment observed in developing children between the ages of six months and two years old.
Even though both the attachment and cognitive theory contribute a lot to social work practice, it is evident from the discussion above that understanding child development theories such as attachment theory is relevant and of paramount importance.Download