Lenin then took charge and ordered that there should be peace at any price. Bourgeois democracy is a facade to conceal the reality of capitalist rule which is the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. The Bolshevik hierarchy held a meeting in London to decide what to do next, whereas the Mensheviks, as if to emphasise the split, held a meeting at the same time — but in Geneva, Switzerland.
The credibility of the Bolsheviks would also be enhanced by their role in the Kornilov episode that was to follow. Lenin also wrote that revolutionary leaders must dedicate their entire lives to the cause in order for it to be successful.
Lenin also used the party money to print and copy pamphlets which were distributed in cities and at political rallies in attempts to expand their operations.
Lenin could concentrate all his resources on what was happening in Russia. The seizure of power was based on the support of the majority of the proletariat.
From onwards Lenin hammered away at two related themes: No Menshevik went to London and no Bolshevik went to Geneva. One of the most notable differences was how each faction decided to fund its revolution. Demoralized army troops joined the strikers, and on March 15, Nicholas II was forced to abdicate, ending centuries of czarist rule.
Breaking such illusions was central to the fight for the dictatorship of the proletariat. Despite the grim poverty of Russia at the time of the October Revolution, the young workers state granted far-reaching measures of equality.
But the mood in Petrograd was changing in favour of the Bolsheviks. His military commander was equally as gifted — Leon Trotsky. Neither Lenin nor Martov had a firm majority throughout the Congress as delegates left or switched sides.
The Mensheviks decided to fund their revolution through membership dues while Lenin often resorted to much more drastic measures since he required a higher budget. The USSR remained a workers state although degenerateddespite the rise to power of the Stalinist bureaucratic caste that began inrejecting the revolutionary internationalist programme of the Bolsheviks under Lenin and Trotsky.
The main accusation levelled against the Bolsheviks is that they violated bourgeois democracy. His approach was "land seizure for the peasants and national self-determination for the minorities — as nothing more than temporary concessions".
However, disagreements soon occurred as to how the party should proceed — with a revolutionary elite as favoured by Lenin or with a less organised base that would not be elitist.The Bolsheviks never abandoned their defeatist posture towards the Russian bourgeois government and even in this tricky situation maintained their internationalism.
Lenin’s fight for the seizure of state power. The party had a central body of authority called the National Council. This elected the party’s commissars (ministers) and Lenin was the president. Such tight organisation was vital for success.
No other political party in Russia had such organisation and, as a result, the Bolsheviks had a major advantage over them. Bolshevik: Bolshevik, member of a wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party, which, led by Vladimir Lenin, seized control of the government in Russia (October ) and became the dominant political power in that country.
Learn more about the history and beliefs of the Bolsheviks in this article. The Bolsheviks had by then acknowledged killing “Nicholas Romanov”, but they suppressed the news that Empress Alexandra and their five children, plus four loyal retainers, had been slain simultaneously, on July 17th.
That unpleasant truth only emerged several months later; rumours that one or more children had survived. In October, Lenin secretly returned to Petrograd, and on November the Bolshevik-led Red Guards deposed the Provisional Government and proclaimed soviet rule.
Lenin became the virtual dictator of the first Marxist state in the world. By Aprilthe split between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks had become permanent. The Bolshevik hierarchy held a meeting in London to decide what to do next, whereas the Mensheviks, as if to emphasise the split, held a meeting at the same time – but in Geneva, Switzerland.
No Menshevik went to London and no Bolshevik went to.Download