Trait theory and personal construct theory

Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 26, Personal construct counselling in action 2nd ed. That individuals possess certain personality traits which determine their behaviour. Finally, qualitative questions such as exploring self-esteem or emotional intelligence seem to be much better handled by the personal construct approach due to its person-centred focus Moran, Both approaches broadly accept that extraversion is associated with sociability and positive affectwhereas neuroticism is associated with emotional instability and negative affect.

Such typology is being used for classification reasons, however it lacks individual aspects once individuals have been assigned one or another personality type Quenck, It is a way of verifying or falsifying hypotheses of intercorrelations between tests of two or more criterion groups i.

The five factor model in particular has been criticized for losing the orthogonal structure between factors.

Its methods also add weight to the value of the theory. Business applications of repertory grid. In this essay, we will compare and contrast trait and personal construct theories, and will come to a conclusion with regards to their applicability, strengths and weaknesses.

Therefore, highly neurotic people when presented with minor stressors, will exceed this threshold, whereas people low in neuroticism will not exceed normal activation levels, even when presented with large stressors. Their aims and methods are subsequently not transferrable.

Health and Well-Being 1 1: Many psychologists currently believe that five factors are sufficient: A possible weakness of PCT is how Kelly did not explore where constructs come from. Further, that because the knowledge produced by both TT and PCT helps understand personality and individual differences, they may be complimentary.

Cattell argued for 16 and Goldberg, Costa and McCrea argued for 5. Is psychopathy an adaptation?

Traits or Personal Constructs?

This is a concise abridged paperback version of Fransella The easy guide to repertory grids.Contributions Of Trait Theory And Personal Construct Theory To The Study Of Individual Differences. he psychological study of individual differences traditionally has roots in the clinical, psychometric and experimental traditions (Butt,).

Differential psychology: Trait vs. personal construct theory

Trait theory is based in the experimental approach. More recently the phenomenological perspective has made. Trait theory and personal construct theory Personality psychology is a division of psychological studies that is involved in the study of individual differences and personality.

This study focuses on constructing a clear image or picture of individuals and the key psychological processes the individual is involved in (Langdridge & Taylor, ).

Personal construct theory

Personal construct theory or personal construct psychology (PCP) is a theory of personality and cognition developed by the American psychologist George Kelly in the s. From the theory. Trait theory suggests that personality is made up of a number of broad traits.

Learn more about this theory and explore a few of the key traits. Personal construct theory (PCT), as developed by Kelly (,cited in Butt,) is a markedly different approach to individual differences.

PCT is based in phenomenology, and therefore places an emphasis on how each individual views the same thing differently (Butt,cited in Butt,). As personal construct theory is subjective, in comparison to the objectivity of trait theory, it is situated in time and place whereas the situated knowledge displayed in the trait theory data from the questionnaires are specific to the current situation and are not necessarily generalised therefore could be ecologically invalid when taken out.

Trait theory and personal construct theory
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